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The Kidney Failure Risk Equation

This model gives the 2 and 5 year risk of kidney failure in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease stage 3 to 5 (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73m²).

Tangri N, Grams ME, Levey AS, Coresh J, Appel LJ, Astor BC et al. Multinational Assessment of Accuracy of Equations for Predicting Risk of Kidney Failure. A Meta-analysis. JAMA. 2016;315(2):164-174


Timing of Clinical Outcomes in CKD with Severely Decreased GFR

This model gives the risk of various clinical outcomes and their timing in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Stage G4 (eGFR <30 mL/min/1.73m²).

Grams ME, Sang Y, Ballew SH, Carrero JJ, Djurdjev O, Heerspink HJL et al. Predicting timing of clinical outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease and severely decreased glomerular filtration rate. Kidney Int 2018; 93:1442-1451


ESRD Risk Tool for Kidney Donor Candidates

This model is intended for low-risk adults considering living kidney donation in the United States. It provides an estimate of 15-year and lifetime incidence of end-stage renal disease.

Grams ME, Sang Y, Levey AS, Matsushita K, Ballew S, Chang AR et al. Kidney-Failure Risk Projection for the Living Kidney-Donor Candidate. N Engl J Med 2016; 374:411-421

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